Agriculture constitutes the principal source of alimentation and revenue for at least two thirds of the population of Senegal currently estimated at 13 million inhabitants. At the same time, family farms struggle to ensure their own food security as agricultural production remains insufficient and erratic. This situation is largely due to tough climatic conditions (a sahelian climate coupled with soil degradation) and underperforming farm structures (rudimentary farm equipment and limited input purchasing power coupled with weak crop and animal husbandry practices).
As a result, 20% of the population of Senegal suffer regular food shortages in both rural and urban areas. Family farms are not able to produce regular food surpluses and find it very hard to commercially sell any surplus production that does exist.
The work of ADG is focused on these factors that constitute a constant threat to family food security, notably:
- Advisory services to farm families with the aim of boosting agricultural production (training, farmer led research, access to farm equipment and other inputs);
- Capacity building of farmer organisations, especially agricultural cooperatives, in terms of service provision to farm families;
- Promotion of viable and durable farming systems adapted to local climate and soil conditions.
ADG is currently running three main projects with five different farmer organisations, including a large national federation of agricultural cooperatives, with the aim of improving access to inputs and credit, providing technical training and boosting the commercial sale of farm products for over 35 000 farm families.